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METHODS OF URBAN TRASNFORMATİON

Urban transformation is applied in two ways in Turkiye. The first one is conducted on the building-base. In the first one, construction companies make their offers to nondurable building owners, and after they make the deal, the buildings are demolished and reconstructed. The second way of urban transformation is based on “area”. Municipalities and the government work together and decide the areas for transformation, and they declare these areas as “under risk”. Up to now, areas detected as risky are minimum 15.000 m2 and maximum 1.500.000 m2 in a single piece. They are all in city centres. For now, 150 million m2 of risky areas (all in city centres) have been detected in Turkiye, and this number is currently increasing. All the areas are re-planned and old structures are cleared. The re-plane building and housing projects are carried out piece by piece or as a whole.

Risky areas are finally determined by the Council of Ministers after the opinions of the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority of Turkiye are received by Turkiye’s Mass Housing Administration (TOKI) or after municipalities detect them and the Ministry offers them to the council. According to the remarks by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, 152 risky areas are detected by the end of 2014 and there are 39.000 independent parts that contains 1.100.000 residents. Also in 2015, 20 risk areas are declared and it is expected to react to 172 with 200.000 units-to-be-demolished by the end of the year.

Minister of Environment and Urbanisation, has recently stated that there are 130.000 housing and work places detected up to 2014. 12.500 of them have been demolished. They has also pointed out that 100.000 buildings are expected to be detected as risky. The Ministry announced 79.000 of houses are applied for urban transformation in 2014. In this context, TRY 250 million of rent-grants has been given. The rent-grants are planned to help 85.000 units in 2015, and the owners will have been donated TRY 300 million by the end of the year.

Counting 15% of building under risk, Istanbul is the riskiest city in Turkiye. There are now 27.700 risky buildings detected in this city. Number of residents in these buildings is 230.000. A total area of 1.106,25 hectares has been decided as “risky” by the Ministry. Approximately 1.100 hectares correspond to a 33 million m2 of sellable area. Other big metropolises like Izmir, Ankara, midsized cities like Bursa, Gaziantep, Adana and other Anatolian cities are among the important ones. 

Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation announced the target of urban transformation strategy as 6.7 million buildings-to-be-renewed in 20 years. Bearing in mind the cost of demolishing and reconstructing old buildings, USD 23 billion annually and USD 465 billion in total are required to finance the strategy for 20 years.

Sosyal Medyada Bizi Takip Edin !