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Turkiye has a developing economy, and so, a growing population due to rural-to-urban immigration. Rapid urbanization on the seismic zones and buildings at risk has brought into question of urban transformation. Besides the increase Turkiye’s population, the rise in the urban population has constituted a serious housing demand. Cities have faced with the problems of squatter settlements, environmental destruction and deterioration in infrastructures.

The Government has decide to transform not-earthquake-resistant the housing stock due to the Izmit earthquake occurred in 1999. Urban transformation in Turkiye has accelerated especially in the last 5 years through legal and regulation-based apparatuses and projects developed for transformation. After the recent 2011 Van earthquake, urban transformation has become a national goal by the law no. 6306 enacted in 31 May 2012 and titled “The Law on the Transformation of the Areas under Disaster Risk,” and by the Application Regulations in 4 August 2012. The purpose of the law is to create healthy and secured living environments in compliance with scientific and artistic norms and standards, on the areas either safe or under disaster risk. According to this law, also known as “Urban Transformation Law”, buildings at risk is defined as “buildings inside or outside the areas under risk that have completed their lives, or buildings that have been scientifically and technically proven to be under the high risk of destruction”.

Within the scope of the law, urban transformation procedure takes place this way in general: According to the instructions announced by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, there is 18 million of housing stock in Turkiye, and 14 million is considered at risk. The strategy of urban transformation targets 6.7 million of houses renewed during the next 20 years. In other words, 334.000 houses will be demolished and reconstructed annually.

Sosyal Medyada Bizi Takip Edin !